Israel: Background and U.S. Relations - CRS Report

U.S.-Saudi Arabia Relations
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Israel-Palestine Timeline: The human cost of the conflict records photos and information for each person who has been killed in the ongoing violence. Buy it on Amazon, and visit the book website for reviews, more ordering options, and upcoming author events. Information largely missing from U.

Read the Blog. Total fatalities in the history of rocket and mortar attacks from Gaza into Israel: 44 Read more Read more. Aid Package to Israel. Should the U. End Aid to Israel? Funding Our Decline.

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bilateral ties influence U.S. policy in the Middle East, and Congress .. 5 CRS Report RL, The Palestinians: Background and U.S. missile defense cooperation, see CRS Report RL, Israel: Background and U.S. Relations, by Jim Zanotti; and CRS Report RL, U.S.

More articles on US Aid to Israel. Congressional Research Service: U. Aid to Israel. Aid to the Palestinians. Some Israeli leaders—particularly from the opposition—have blamed Netanyahu for policies that they claim fueled the U.

Seventy-Year Alliance

Send us a new image. It was envisaged that cooperation would widen and deepen to include transfer of know-how, joint development of products and access to new markets. Trade between Israel and Jordan has declined in recent years after positive growth, but this in-depth study finds new areas that could see trade grow once more. Fast, export-driven growth of the Jordanian economy halted at the end of the s. Five leading Israeli textile and garment companies played an important role in the initiation of the QIZ agreement and were the first to start production in the Jordanian QIZ system. To qualify, goods produced in these zones must contain a small portion of Israeli input. Amid the shake-up, Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri was summoned to Riyadh, where he resigned under apparent pressure.

For example, Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer was quoted as stating, "While he may not have intended it, I fear Secretary Kerry, in his speech and action at the UN, has emboldened extremists on both sides. Will they substantively increase international leverage against Israel in its settlement activities or more broadly?

Will they lead to greater determination among right-of-center Israeli leaders to disregard or actively challenge international initiatives or pressure via unilateral Israeli actions? Beyond the initiatives' specific scope, will they have wider ripple effects on Israeli-Palestinian and regional dynamics? Past "Lame Duck" U. In December , during the first Palestinian intifada or uprising, which lasted roughly from to , the United States authorized the start of substantive U. Bush prepared to take office.

Clinton Administration.

Billboards question aid to Israel | PolitiFact Georgia

After unsuccessful U. The parameters continue to influence negotiating proposals and debate over possible outcomes. George W. Bush Administration. Although substantive negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians ended before the November U. Bush Administration officials were active in efforts throughout the conflict to support Israel while also encouraging the cease-fire that went into effect on January 18, , days before President Obama's inauguration. Following the adoption of UNSCR , Palestinian leaders indicated that they will campaign "to require that other countries not just label products made in the settlements, but ban them.

Israel maintains overarching control of the security environment in Israel and the West Bank. Palestinians remain divided between a PA administration with limited self-rule in specified West Bank urban areas, led by the Fatah movement and President Mahmoud Abbas, and a de facto Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip.

Both the PA and Hamas face major questions regarding future leadership and succession. There has been little or no change in the gaps between Israeli and Palestinian positions on key issues of dispute since the last round of direct talks broke down in April Since , Arab states that have traditionally championed the Palestinian cause have been more preoccupied with their own internal concerns, and many have built or strengthened informal ties with Israel based on common concerns regarding Iran and its regional influence.

Presidential Transition and U. Policy Options As Trump prepares to take office, reports indicate that his close advisors on Israeli issues include his chief strategist Stephen Bannon, son-in-law Jared Kushner, and lawyer David Friedman—his proposed nominee to be U. Friedman and a number of other aides have stated that the President-elect is serious about implementing his campaign pledge to move the U. Trump has stated aspirations to help broker a final-status Israeli-Palestinian agreement.

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Other possible presidential or legislative initiatives could address: U. Standing U. Background Successive U. Administrations of both political parties since have maintained that the fate of Jerusalem is to be decided by negotiations and have discouraged the parties from taking actions that could prejudice the final outcome of those negotiations. The Palestinians envisage East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state.

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However, the House of Representatives passed H. Both resolutions called on the Clinton Administration to affirm that Jerusalem must remain the undivided capital of Israel. A related issue is the possible relocation of the U. Proponents argue that Israel is the only country where a U.

U.S.-Saudi Arabia Relations

Opponents say such a move would undermine prospects for Israeli-Palestinian peace and U. The Jerusalem Embassy Act of P. Presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama have consistently suspended these spending limitations, and the embassy has remained in Tel Aviv. President Obama issued the most recent six-month suspension of limitations on December 1, Such bills and resolutions seek the embassy's relocation and would remove or advocate the removal of the President's authority to suspend the State Department expenditure limitations cited above.

New versions S. Bush when they were presidential candidates—pledged to move the embassy to Jerusalem. As mentioned above, since the election a number of Trump's top aides—including David Friedman, his proposed nominee to be U. They have discussed the use of sites owned or leased by the U.

Consulate General in Jerusalem which currently only deals with Palestinians in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza as an embassy or an embassy annex. Notes: All locations and lines are approximate.

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Jordan’s Trade With Israel in Context

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